National Curriculum links - KS1 and KS2

Get the most from your visit by relating it to National Curriculum objectives. Here are some suggestions:


Our I-Spy sheet for KS2 and KS3 (PDF) is a great resource for pupils as they travel towards Hadrian's Wall.


History Key Stage 1

Learning about significant events and people in local, national and global history

Understanding some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented

Developing an awareness of the past and the passing of time, and how events fit within a chronological framework

History Key Stage 1 and 2

Identifying similarities and differences between the way of life in different periods.

Understanding historical concepts such as:

  • continuity and change
  • cause and consequence
  • similarity
  • difference
  • significance

and how these concepts are used to:

  • make connections
  • draw contrasts
  • frame historically valid questions.

Understanding methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims, and how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.

Gaining historical perspective by placing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between:

  • local, regional, national and international history
  • between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history
  • between short- and long-term timescales

History Key Stage 2

Acquiring knowledge about the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain.

Constructing their knowledge of the past from a range of sources.

Establishing narratives within and across the periods of study.

Our resource: Facts and figures about Hadrian's Wall

Our resource: History of Hadrian's Wall

Our resource: People of Hadrian's Wall

Our resource: Hadrian's Cavalry


Science Key Stage 1

Forming questions about the world around them; using different types of scientific enquiries, including practical activities, and begin to recognise ways in which they might answer scientific questions; comparing objects, materials and living things and decide how to sort and group them, as well as observing changes over time and beginning to notice patterns and relationships.

Recognising the parts of human bodies, animal bodies and plants; observing and understanding the changing seasons; the features of different habitats and micro-habitats; common types of material, such as metal, wood, brick and comparing and describing their properties.

Science Key Stage 2

Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them; setting up simple practical enquiries and making observations; taking measurements with a range of equipment and recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys and grids; using results to draw simple conclusions and using scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

Understanding the importance of nutrition; the categorisation of rock, how fossils are formed and the make-up of soil; stages in a life cycle; recognising the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way bodies function; classification of animals; describing the changes as humans develop to old age; adaptation and evolution; stages in a life cycle; the features of different natural environments and the presence of micro-organisms in soil.

You may wish to consider visiting The Sill: National Landscape Discovery Centre.


English Key Stage 1 and 2

Speaking and Listening: developing skills in listening to others, questioning, and using drama to convey information.

Speaking and Listening: use discussion in order to learn; being able to elaborate and explain clearly understanding and ideas.

Reading: being introduced to a wide range of written materials, learning new vocabulary and inferring meaning from texts, understanding literary devices in story.

Our resource: People of Hadrian's Wall

English Key Stage 2

Distinguishing between statements of fact and opinion and retrieving and recording information from non-fiction.

Writing: developing skills and knowledge to use correct form, layout, vocabulary and style in letter writing and other forms of written communication.


Mathematics Key Stage 1 and 2

Using and applying mathematics in practical tasks

Putting familiar events in chronological order

Using standard units of length, weight and capacity

Our resource: Facts and figures about Hadrian's Wall

Mathematics Key Stage 2

Approaching mathematics calculations and problems relating to money and methods of payment when participating in trading activities.

Selecting and using appropriate data-handling skills when solving problems.

Design and Technology

Design and Technology Key Stage 1 and 2

Identifying and working with a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients.

Examining how and why things work and making comparisons with modern day objects.

Design and Technology Key Stage 2

Examining technologies used when manufacturing objects such as combs, shoes, tools and jewellery.

Learning how the working characteristics of materials relate to the way materials are used.

Our resource: How to make a Roman standard

Our resource: Diary of a Hadrian's Cavalry artist

Our resource: Cavalry Comics


Computing Key Stage 1 and 2

Selecting and using a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices.

Computing Key Stage 2

Using search technologies effectively, appreciating how results are selected and ranked.

Looking for KS3 and KS4?

We've a list covering National Curriculum - Key Stage 3 and 4 as well.

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